4. Mausoleum (Turkey)
The tomb was built by Queen Artemisia II for her husband, King Mausolus of Caria (the area in southwestern Turkey today) between 370 and 350 BC.
This massive 40m long, 45m high work with the contribution of 1,200 workers, worked hard for 17 years. Many people admire the beauty of the architecture and the magnificence of the tomb.
The central burial room is decorated with gold, while the outside is adorned with elaborate stone pillars and sculptures. By the fifteenth century, the knight of the Crusade – Christian Crusaders dismantled a block of marble in the tomb to build a new castle quite close to the tomb of King Mausolus.
5. Lighthouse of Alexandria (Egypt)
The lighthouse is the only ancient wonder used as a beacon for ships in the dangerous waters out of the Egyptian port city of Alexandria. Built on a small island of Pharos between 285 and 247 BC with a height of 117m, this lighthouse is one of the tallest structures in the world for centuries. The lighthouse is located at the entrance to the port of Alexandria, including 3 floors, a height of about 135 m. The bottom step is square, consisting of several rooms for the permanent lighthouse guard, livestock and food.
The entrance is exalted, entering by a steep path that starts from the base surrounding the tower. Inside the lower square step is a wall supporting the upper sections of the lighthouse, reaching this upper part by a spiraling inner ramp. The middle step is octagonal, above this step is a circular part with Zeus statue.
The lighthouse is operated using fire at night and polished copper mirrors to reflect the Sun during the day. It is said that the light from the lighthouse can be seen from a distance of 50km offshore.
This giant structure stood on the Mediterranean coast for more than 1,500 years before being severely damaged by earthquakes in 1303 and 1323.