The best architectural masterpieces by Frank Lloyd Wright

2019 is an important year for those who admire the late architect Frank Lloyd Wright: this year marks 60 years since his death, and 60 years since his greatest masterpiece, the Solomon R Guggenheim Museum, opened in New York City, the United States. The Guggenheim Museum was one of eight of his buildings to be awarded Unesco World Heritage status.

Here are the most striking creations of Frank Lloyd Wright.

The Solomon R Guggenheim Museum, New York City, the United States

Though the curving Guggenheim is a world away from the blocky, Cubism-inspired designs of properties like the Fallingwater house in Pennsylvania, it still has a variety of Frank Lloyd Wright trademarks. The inclusion of a large glass dome and the use of exposed concrete, for example. The museum was built inorder to house the art collection owned by Solomon R Guggenheim, and it opened 6 months after Wright’s death. He originally wanted the exterior of the building to be bright red, which he believed was the “color of creation”.

Jiyu Gakuen Girls’ School, Tokyo, Japan

Jiyu Gakuen Girls’ School, open to the public, was commissioned by Yoshikazu Hani, who wanted to build a school that felt like a home. Wright achieved this by adding ornate patterned window frames, a beautiful courtyard, and various other decorative touches, including the beautiful pendant lamps in the dining room. Look closely and you will also find out that the former school’s unusual dimensions as Wright designed this as a “child-sized” building.

Unity Temple, Chicago, USA

Designed as a replacement for Chicago’s Oak Park Unity Church, the Unity Temple is another of the buildings given Unesco World Heritage status this summer. The temple was a major game-changer in the field of ecclesiastic architecture – a cube that was made from bare concrete, topped with an enormous slab – and also one of the first of Wright’s buildings made with exposed concrete, which became his signature style. He compensated for the lack of windows and fortress-like appearance by installing skylights made with green, yellow, and brown glass, designed to remind worshippers of the natural world.

Behnisch Architekten completes the Adidas World of Sports Arena in Germany

Behnisch Architekten has completed the new office and reception building Adidas World of Sports Arena, marking the main entrance of Adidas’ headquarters campus in Herzogenaurach, Germany. With a sculptural shape emphasizing the group’s passion for sports, the Adidas Arena welcomes visitors to the headquarters with a strong visual identity, which is illustrated in its expressive, functional architecture.

In a balanced interplay between landscape, transparency, and a modern concept, Behnisch Architekten has set up a striking landmark within the Adidas World of Sports campus, which is formed by an abstract volume housing three workspace floors as well as hovers above a modeled landscape. This sculpted hill accommodates the entrance area of the building, part of which is publicly accessible, leading to a vast atrium suitable for many events.

Within the bright atrium, a dramatic floating staircase forms the heart of the building to take employees up to the three-story workspace section. With a total floor area of 52,000m2, the Arena building provides about 2,000 employees with modern and sustainable workspace organized on organic, flexible principles. The 3 levels are connected, both horizontally and vertically, through the main street, resembling a marketplace suspended in mid-air. On each floor, the main street is adjoined by 6 kitchen hubs that represent 6 key cities characterized by distinctive colors, materials, and types of furnishing in order to form individual addresses within the building. Work areas differentiate with areas for formal or informal meetings and recreational zones, organized as variegated clusters around lightwells of various sizes optimized in order to supply ample natural light.

The Arena’s façade incorporates a particularly developed shading system and sun control adapted to the orientation of each elevation, optimizing the interplay between maximum light transmittance. Thanks to its extensive use of recyclable materials and implementation of up-to-date energy-efficiency standards, the Arena has been submitted for LEED gold certification.

Frank Lloyd Wright and his 10 most striking creations

Frank Lloyd Wright is arguably the most well-known and revered architect of America in the 20th century. He believed there was a right way to design in the world, a natural architecture which served both functionality and beauty without sacrificing anything. He saw in offices, houses, and temples, the potential not only for art, but also for artistry – the ability to build dignified structures with a respect for the environments.

Frank Lloyd Wright and his most most striking creations

Wright conceived of over 1,000 designs and also executed around half of them over his 70-year career. He had a sweeping vision, spanning places of worship; museums, schools, and office spaces; private homes and hotels. In 1936, he started designing “Usonian” as an affordable-housing solution in the United States, a number of which still stand up to now. In the same year, eight of his buildings earned UNESCO status for pivotal role in the development of modern architecture.

Underpinning the designs of Wright was his belief that Nature, with a capital “N”, was sacred. His philosophy of “organic architecture” proposed that built environment had better accommodate the natural world in a greater whole. He drew inspiration from Japanese art and architecture, especially its emphasis on spirituality, harmony, and geometric simplicity, which praised the Japanese understanding of structure as “miraculous.” That is evident in differating degrees across his oeuvre. In 1957, Wright described the goal of an architect in missionary terms: “to help people understand how to make the world a better one for living in, life more beautiful, and to give rhyme, reason, and meaning to life”, or in other words, a perfect unity of materiality, philosophy, and the natural world.

There are the most striking creations of Frank Lloyd Wright to understand the celebrated architect.

  • The Solomon R Guggenheim Museum, New York City, the US
  • Jiyu Gakuen Girls’ School, Tokyo, Japan
  • Unity Temple, Chicago, the US
  • King Kamehameha Golf Course Clubhouse, Hawaii, the US
  • The Dwight D Martin House, Buffalo, the US
  • Taliesin, Wisconsin, the US
  • Fallingwater, Pennsylvania, the US
  • Johnson Wax Headquarters, Wisconsin, the US
  • Ennis House, Los Angeles, the US
  • Yodokō Guest House, Ashiya, Japan

The most iconic buildings of modern architecture

A new breed of buildings emerged as icons of the modernist movement of the 1900s when architects used innovative technologies in construction in order to create stunning structures.

The Farnsworth House

Designed by architect Mies Van De Rohe, the Farnsworth house is among the most widely recognized structures of the International Style of modern architecture. It was designed exclusively for Dr. Edith Farnsworth in the late 1940s. Built almost in steel and glass, this house emphasizes the modernist tenets of lightness, transparency, and structural expression. This only one-bedroom retreat stands out for its open-plan layout as well as its closeness to nature.

The Glass House

The Glass House by Philip Johnson was another iconic work of the International Style of modern architecture. This house located in a green suburb of Illinois, emphasizing the isolation of the individual from urban society. The work of Philip Johnson stands out for its minimalist structure, and elements of proportion, geometry, and transparency.

Seagram Building

The Seagram Building by Mies Van De Rohe epitomizes the tenets of modernism with its elegant steel and glass framework. This building’s design projects the utilitarian narrative of conventional skyscraper construction. The Seagram Building was also the first-of-its-kind to be complemented by a plaza, revolutionizing the importance of public spaces in urban cities.

Villa Savoye

Villa Savoye, designed by Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier, is a modernist response to the 1900s’ industrial machine age. The Villa Savoye is located in Poissy, a small town in France outside the city of Paris. This stunning structure is an adaptation of the principles of mechanized design. This home is a simulation of spatial efficiency and minimalist aesthetics.

Eames House

Designed by Charles and Ray Eames with the help of architect Eero Saarinen, Eames House is a modern marvel from the 1940s. It became known as Case Study House number 8 under the 1945 Case Study House Program of Arts and Architecture Magazine. This house stands out for its incredible glass and steel framework showcasing semblances of color.

The architect added to Everton Stadium team

London-based architect firm Pattern is going to take over from Sheppard Robson as the delivery architect on the £500m Bramley Moore Dock stadium of Everton FC.

Pattern will work alongside Dan Meis, the US-based primary architect, who was appointed to the project in 2017. Recently, the firm Pattern revealed CGI plans for the Everton stadium on the semi-derelict UNESCO world heritage site in North Liverpool.

Dan Meis wrote in a recent post on his website, “About £100m of our whole construction budget will be used for preparing the site in such a way that we can build the Bramley Moore Dock stadium without damaging the historic fabric of the dock,  meaning that the remainder of our budget must be spent with extreme efficiency. Luckily, the magic of Goodison isn’t about cheese shops and fancy clubs but rather historic stands, tight, steep, and right on top of the pitch. It’s a notoriously intimidating ground for opposing players and that is also what we intend to bring to Bramley Moore.”

“We consider it a labor of love and we have a great responsibility to live up to the unparalleled history of Everton club and her generations of passionate fans.”

Pattern is presently working on Qatar’s FIFA World Cup 2022 stadium. The firm has also previously delivered stadiums for the Pan-American Games in 2019. More locally, the firm worked on The City of Manchester Stadium in 2002, and follow-up proposals for its extension under its more widely known name, the Etihad Stadium.

The stadium of Everton FC is set to host up to 52,000 spectators and will be clad with steel, brick, and glass. It is set to include four stands, the largest of which has a capacity of 13,000 spectators. Lower tiers in the North and South stands offer the potential for safe standing.

Bramley Moore Dock stadium is expected to take 3 years to complete when it has gained the planning permission at Liverpool City Council meeting later this year.

Top 6 Patio Furniture Design Trends of 2019 (Part 2)

3. Mixing Indoor and Outdoor

The trend of mixing indoor and outdoor furniture started to develop in 2018 and continues to be a huge part of the patio furniture design trends of 2019. The idea of mixing between indoor and outdoor isn’t a totally new concept. In ancient Rome, there were many middle and upper-class families that had houses with indoor/outdoor courtyards and large gardens inside.

We have seen a drastic change from 1980’s old, flimsy, plastic patio furniture to sleek, contemporary, and versatile patio furniture. Current patio furniture appears with various kinds of materials, designs, and styles to well fit in with any outdoor living space. Especially in the outdoor dining spaces, patio kitchens and bars have become more and more popular, meaning that choosing the right furniture for a seating area is very important.

5. Fire Pits

An excellent way to bring your patio to the next level is using fire pits although the thought of having a fire pit on your patio seems a little intimidating. Luckily, when it comes to patio fire pits, there are plenty of options.

Fire pits can act as a focal point for your patio, making your patio feel larger, and working as a gathering point for you and your guests. Whether it is a warm summer evening or a cold winter night, the patio fire pit makes it a good idea to be outside at any time of the year.

6. Colorful

Mary GrayGrayText

One of the top patio furniture trends of 2019 is having a colorful one. Besides the fact that adding color to patio furniture is so popular in the present, having unique pieces to show off is also a great way to spice up your patio. There are a lot of ways to add color so it’s easy to find something that perfectly fits your space.

An easy way to add color is to add some fun pillows to your patio set up. You can buy some fun standard throw pillows which won’t last quite as long, but won’t break the bank!

Top 6 Patio Furniture Design Trends of 2019 (Part 1)

Patio furniture doesn’t go in and out of style as quickly as other home decor items. There are some aspects of patio furniture design which always remain popular such as high-quality materials and comfy cushions.

Patio furniture trends tend to not only follow interior design trends but also allow for the special circumstance that the furniture is used for an outdoor space. In terms of an indoor patio or screened-in patio, you don’t need to worry too much about wet weather, like snow or rain. Meanwhile, an outdoor patio that stays exposed to the elements will require different considerations in terms of its furniture. These are some top patio furniture trends for 2019:

  1. Mixed Materials

This is a trend that started to become popular in 2018 and in 2019, mixed material patio furniture remains shining. You’ll see a variety of wicker, teak, aluminum, and cast iron patio furniture, all of which look great. What makes your outdoor living space stand out must be unique patio furniture pieces utilizing a mix of materials.

Why is mixed materials trend becoming more popular? Because it is a great way to find high-quality patio furniture items while also stand out from the crowd. Having the same boring beige plastic patio furniture might cost less, but it’s not cool or fun.

2. Dual-Purpose Patio Furniture

Dual-purpose furniture has become more and more popular when being used as an effective way to deal with a lack of space. You can see dual purpose patio furniture that is utilized on balconies and smaller patios, but that doesn’t mean you can’t use them for larger ones.

A common purpose of using dual-purpose patio furniture is for storing cushions under bad weather. However, it can also be used in many other space-saving capacities. Dual-purpose patio furniture goes well with the general design theme of 2019 that is simple and functional. Although extravagant patio furniture pieces look amazing and cool, you should consider how often you will use it to its full potential.

FOUR AMAZINGLY DESIGNED CASINOS IN THE WORLD (PART 2)

The Bellagio, Las Vegas

The Bellagio, owned by MGM Resorts International, is featured all manner of well-known films, TV shows, and music videos. It’s also shown on the big screen very often because it’s a simply stunning feat of architecture.

The most impressing thing of the Bellagio is its sprawling 14,000 square-foot garden which is updated and changed regularly by a team of expert landscape designers and horticulturalists. The casino offers several tables games including baccarat, three-card poker, and Vegas favourite – craps.

There is an interesting fact about the Bellagio is that it has no clocks on the wall. That’s to make sure players don’t keep eyes on the time and keep playing for longer. It’s one of intriguing secrets that architects use to persuade people to gamble.

The Venetian, Las Vegas

The design of stunning Venetian Casino, as the name would suggest, is inspired by the floating Italian city of Venice.

The Venetian, owned and operated by Las Vegas Sands since 1999, is absolutely huge, and really stands out in the Las Vegas landscape. Guests can take a gondola ride around the casino when circumnavigating the enormous venue to have the true feeling of Venice home. It’s also a smart move by the designers to make it much harder for guests to leave the casino with a fully-functioning gondola service. In terms of the gaming itself, the Venetian has Poker, baccarat, slots all in its huge 120,000 square foot interior.

Casino De Monte Carlo, Monaco

Despite their best efforts of imitation, the US’s casinos will never be able to recreate the beauty of the 19th-century venue Casino De Monte Carlo. Princess Caroline is the first person to have the idea of opening a dedicated casino in Monaco in an attempt to avoid financial ruin for the ailing Monegasque economy.

Casino De Monte Carlo is one of the world’s most famous gambling resorts, having featured in several James Bond’s incarnations and Ocean’s 12 to name but a few. This casino offers Texas Hold’Em Poker, roulette, blackjack, and one of the most breathtaking views across the Riviera.

Top Influential Landscape Architects of the World (part 3)

7. Thomas Church (1902-1978)

American landscaper Thomas Church was well-known for developing the modern movement in landscape architecture by mixing innovative principles of modern style with these following four design principles:

  • He considered the garden and the house as a whole and the garden is an extra living room.
  • He focused on the function of the site and respecting its beauty.
  • He connected the place with the surrounding space.
  • He advocated a project’s simplicity for aesthetic reasons.

He designed many projects, among the best known may be the icon of modern style Donnell Gardens. Above all, Thomas Church is the father of a whole generation of American landscape architects that have made their mark on the American landscape.

Donnell Gardens

8. Pechère René (1908-2002)

Pechère René, a Belgian landscape architect, participated in the outdoor facilities design for the Universal Exhibition of 1958. He was internationally known by the gardens of the Congo and the Four Seasons that he made for this event. During his career, Pechère designed about 900 public and private gardens in Belgium, France, Germany, and the Netherlands.

His philosophy was to design the garden contributing to the joy of living. His designs also highlighted the importance of the knowledge of many froms of art like sculpture, drawing, history, etc. His work used plants and architectural elements, taking into account sunlight, shadows, and colors. Besides the Mont des Arts or Botany Park in Brussels, Pechère is also known to have collected countless books about garden art, which are now gathered at the René Pechère Library.

9. Roberto Burle Marx (1909-1994)

Brazil landscaper, artist, ecologist, naturalist, musician, and painter Burle Marx has been widely recognized for his parks and gardens. Before creating his first garden at a private residence, he studied the fine arts long. He also created a collection of plants which is kept in Guaratiba, presently owned by the state and considered a national monument. Some plants also bear his name, for example, Calathea “Burle Marx”.

Top Influential Landscape Architects of the World (part 2)

  1. Peter Joseph Lenné (1789-1866)

Prussian landscaper Peter Joseph Lenné was born in a family of castle gardeners. Learned from big names in early 19th century landscape architecture, he became a fine connoisseur of plants. Lenné created Park Klosterberge in Magdeburg, one of the first public parks in Germany. However, his major works were to redesign the park at Sanssouci in Potsdam and the Tiergarten in Berlin. Lenné has the ability of mixxing utility and beauty as well as extensive botanical knowledge. Up to now, he still remains as a source of inspiration for many artists and landscape architects.

  1. Frederick Law Olmsted (1822-1903)

When thinking of the iconic American landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted, most of us think of the Central Park of New York City. But in fact, he was a man of many passions and studied engineering, agronomy, and journalism. Olmsted was passionate about nature as well as its preservation. He played an important role in the protection of nature. He created the Niagara Reservation in association with Calvert Vaux (1824-1895). Besides the Central Park, Olmsted left his footprint on many parks and urban projects such as the grounds of the U.S. Capitol.

  1. Gertrude Jekyll (1843-1932)

English landscape architect Gertrude Jekyll was one of the first famous women in the profession with most contribution residing mainly in the publication of many articles and books that focused on her research into landscape compositions. Her creations showed the importance of color balance, proportion, and the use of textures and fragrances in plantations. During her career, she created up to 400 gardens in England, and some in America and Europe, but few have been preserved. She was also passionate about creepers and roses and Rosa Gertrude Jekyll was named in her honor.

  1. Geoffrey Jellicoe (1900-1996)

Geoffrey Jellicoe is an English landscape architect and theoretician, who had a vast knowledge of landscape history. In 1948, he became the founding president of IFLA – the International Federation of Landscape Architects. Some of his projects such as the Kennedy Memorial at Runnymede are significant works of landscape architecture.