What is the most beautiful architectural landscape in the world? (Part 1)

Hundred-year-old Yemeni city sits beside Hong Kong’s shiny towers, some of the most beautiful architectural landscapes in the world, according to Jonathan Glancey.

A skyline of a city is its face. And like the faces of loved ones, we keep this landscape in memory even when we are away from it or long without looking. Because, once seen, who could forget the skyline of Edinburgh, Manhattan, Hong Kong or Helsinki?

Nhiều người còn nhớ Dubai là một thị trấn đánh cá, không phải một thủ đô đầy nhà chọc trời như nó đã trở thành trong nhiều thập kỷ từ khi Các tiểu Vương Quốc Ả Rập Thống Nhất hình thành năm 1971

However, just like the face of people, the landscape changes with the years, although the older the commercially successful cities are, the younger they become, the taller they become, the more glamorous they are. No tiny little wrinkled. Look at the skyline of London today, the new skyscrapers vie with each other like famous artists on the concert night.

How could this be like the famous London scene in the image of St Paul’s Cathedral taken during the German bombing? Or the post-war scene when Wren’s work was still the tallest building in the region and surrounded by cluttered church churches and built of red bricks and Portland stone?

Many people remember when Shenzhen in South China was a small market town overlooking the bay in the southern sea rather than remember a sea of ​​indifferent high-rise buildings. Others remember Dubai as a small fishing village in the Persian Gulf, better known for their pearl rollers than for their ambitious tall towers and glass door cleaning teams.

Dizzying tall buildings have changed the face of cities around the world in the past 30 years. Yet even the medieval towns and cities boast when there are tall buildings. The architectural landscape of San Gimignano, a hill town in Tuscan, dotted with 14 medieval towers left. From afar, or when squinted, these tall and rugged houses make San Gimignano look like miniature Manhattan.

Shibam ở Yemen gồm rải rác các công trình tháp bằng gạch đất xây từ những năm 1500

That’s even more true when it comes to the fascinating town of Shibam in Yemen. Despite a population of less than 2,000, this desert settlement, with a backdrop of mountains, has many houses taller than 10 stories. Constructed of earthen bricks, repaired or rebuilt, many houses date back to the 16th century. Built to combat Bedouin bandits, these messy tower buildings look really like a modern city when viewed from afar or near, especially when the sun causes hot air to cause an illusion. It is not for no reason that Shibam is called ‘Chicago of the desert’ or ‘Manhattan of the Middle East’.

5 The most famous landscape architecture in the world

With the rapid urbanization process today, the space for garden landscapes gradually narrows. But there are still landscape designs that create unique gardens with poetic landscapes, in which the plants and flowers fascinate the heart.

1. The garden in the castle of Versailles.

The garden in Versailles castle is considered the symbol of France. The garden is uniquely designed with curving lines, and this is also the path to the inner maze.

2. Keukenhof Garden, Lisse, Netherlands

Holland is the country of Tuy Lip flowers, Keukenhof Garden, Lisse, the Netherlands with all colors of this flower. Keukenhof Garden, Lisse, The Netherlands is only open to visitors from March to the end of May, this is also the time when these flowers blooming shimmering.

3. Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden

Kirstenbosch National Botanical Gardens is located in Le Cap South Africa, right next to the famous Table Mountain range. The garden is a collection of many rare plants and beautiful landscapes. Therefore, this garden is very popular with tourists in South Africa.

4. Majorelle Garden, Marrakech, Morocco

Majorelle Gardens, Marrakech, Morocco have a lot of rare plants around the villas here. The cacti create intense vitality for gardens and landscapes.

5. The garden in front of the Taj Mahal

Outside the famous Taj Mahal in India is a garden decorated with tiled paths and planted with trees on both sides leading to the tomb of Mumatz Mahal. This is also considered a beautiful monument and is frequently visited by tourists whenever coming to this country.

6. Big Ben clock tower

The name of the Big Ben clock tower that we have long been familiar with is called Elizabeth Tower. Big Ben is a nickname for the large bells of the watch and it is also often used as a proper nickname for everyone. It was built as part of Charles Barry’s architectural design for a new palace to replace the old Palace of Westminster that was destroyed by fire in 1834.

The most famous buildings in India: From ancient wonders to modern marvels (part 2)

Infosys Pune

Infosys Pune is located just outside of Pune, Maharashtra. Resembling spaceships come to land, Indian Infosys’ campus provides a futuristic vision of the country’s architecture.

The egg-like buildings was designed by Indian architect Hafeez Contractor. The first was completed in 2006 and a duplicate followed later.

The buildings are made of glass, aluminum, and steel. They are tilted at an angle of around 10 degrees.

Did you know? You can find the designs of Hafeez Contractor across the country, including the twin Imperial Towers in Mumbai.

Rashtrapati Bhavan

The Rashtrapati Bhavan, located in New Delhi, is the official residence of India’s president.

The H-shaped building, former known as the Viceroy’s House, was designed during British rule. In 1947 when India became independent, it was renamed Government House and then in 1950, it took on its current name under the first president of India, Rajendra Prasad.

The most notable feature of the Rashtrapati Bhavan might be the tall dome at its center. It is made almost of stone and a very little steel.

Its design blends Indian and Hellenic architecture.

Did you know? This building contains a lot of rooms – 340 to be exact – with corridors having a combined length of 2.5 kilometers (1.55 miles).

Victoria Memorial

The Victoria Memorial, located in Kolkata, is one of the most typically structural reminders of British rule in the country. It dedicated to the memory of Queen Victoria and is used as a museum. The building is a popular tourism destination in the largest city of eastern India.

The large marble building was designed in the Indo-Saracenic (or Indo-Gothic) style, blending classic Mughal architecture with Gothic revival styles that are popular in Europe.

The building’s central dome houses a marble statue of Queen Victoria.

Did you know? The Victoria Memorial was built using marble from the same quarries in Rajasthan like the Taj Mahal.

The Secrets Behind Casino Architecture (part 1)

When entering a casino, does a potential patron, casual player, or high roller feel excited to bet big and win, or does he or she sheepishly move through the casino games en route to their destination? How risk-averse is this gambler or potential gambler, and how determined are they to partake in the many opportunities to spend big bucks?

There are many factors that influence the answers to these questions. Some factors are personal and are the result of the patrons’ upbringing, worldview, and temperament. Other factors, however, are environmental and produced by their surroundings.

There is, perhaps, no environmental factor more influential to the answer to the questions posed above than the casino’s architecture. Casino architecture sets up the stage for any patron to get the experience. It dictates how that person moves through the casino, what they see along the way, and how their emotional state is altered or impacted.

Architecture students often travel the world, learning about and seeing firsthand examples of different architectural styles and periods. They often visit ancient cathedrals, landmarks, and artistic structures to learn about how they were designed and which styles they represent.

What many architecture enthusiasts often forget is that modern architecture principles are often put to work in unexpected places and nowhere are these principles more carefully considered than in casino architecture around the world.

This should come as no surprise, considering that architectural alterations that modify the betting behavior of patrons even slightly can produce a significant increase in revenue. It is therefore not a coincidence that for examples of some of the most extravagant and over-the-top marvels of modern architecture, one need not look further than the world’s casinos.

According to the list of best Vegas casino hotels on Weekly Slots News, one example of striking casino architecture is The Venetian in Las Vegas. A replica of Venice, Italy, the casino and hotel is a spectacle to behold. It lulls guests into a state of euphoric relaxation and provides casinos designed beautifully and strategically.

The most famous buildings in India: From ancient wonders to modern marvels (part 1)

If you’ll boil India’s architecture right down to one word or phrase, what wouldn’t it be? Dynamic? Melting pot? Overwhelming? Complex?

It are often all those things and more. From historic houses of worship to modern marvels reflecting the country’s rising global status, India’s architecture exactly demonstrates where it is.

Here are India’s most famous buildings from the most historically and culturally rich places on Earth.

The Lake Palace

Now home to at least one of India’s most luxurious hotels, the Lake Palace are often found within the middle of Udaipur’s Lake Pichola. The Lake Palace’s gleaming white marble looks as if it’s floating on the surfaceof the lake.

Did you know? If you are a Bond fan, you would possibly recognize the palace from the 1983 movie “Octopussy.”

Konark Sun Temple

A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Konark Sun Temple (sometimes spelled Konarak) may be a superb example of Indian temple architecture.

Dedicated to the Hindu sun god Surya, the temple faces east to greet the rising sun, whose rays illuminate the doorway. It had been designed within the shape of giant chariot, pulled by seven stone horses (only six of which still stand) and 12 pairs of wheels, symbolizing the times of every week and therefore the months during a year.

Its main sanctum is believed to possess once stood at 70 meters (229 feet) tall, though it’s since fallen. Despite lying partial in ruins, the temple remains considered a superb example of the region’s so-called Kalinga architecture.

Did you know? The temple is decorated with reliefs including lions, birds, mythological creatures, dancers, musicians, and even erotica.

Taj Mahal Palace Hotel

The regal Taj Mahal Palace hotel is one among Mumbai’s most iconic structures.

The project was started by two Indian architects and completed by an English engineer so it’s an attractive union of European and Islamic architectural influences.

Standout features include so-called “onion” domes and an arch borrowed from 16th-century Islamic architecture. The hotel, which has hosted celebrities and politicians from the Beatles to Barack Obama, features a further modern tower completed in 1973.

Did you know? The hotel features a storied but tragic history. It had been used as a hospital during war I and, in 2008, was the location of a deadly terror attack.

The Best Four Garden Tools in 2020

The best garden tools in 2020 are those that are sufficiently strong to make cultivating to feel easy.  We have discovered the most famous items utilizing client audits and online instructional exercises. Here are the best four garden tools in 2020.

Wheelbarrow

We have a choice of hard plastic work carts accessible. An honest dump cart is solid yet light enough to handily move when full. Likewise, why not attempt one among these water conveying sacks for work carts, they’re the simplest thanks to move water during a pushcart without spilling it.

Garden Trowel

Hand instruments like nursery trowels and hand forks are probably the foremost utilized planting apparatuses, therefore the best trowel should have an enjoyable handle with a well fitted leading edge that won’t come free after time. This transplanting trowel from Burgon and Ball has an enjoyable debris timber handle with a hardened steel edge with planting profundities carved into the face.

Garden Knife

A little blade is usually required within the nursery for cutting string, sticks and blossoms, cutting foods grown from the bottom plants and various different employments. It’s an honest propensity to convey one in your pocket or nursery trug. Opinel blades have an exceptionally sharp leading edge that folds into the wooden handle. These blades were positioned within the best 100 best items on the earth by the Victoria and Albert Museum. Opinel No8 Folding Pocket Knife

Leaf Blower

The reason for leaf blowers is to evacuate trash, dead leaves, and different random material ranging from the earliest stage push it to the sides of the zone. A leaf blower utilizes the intensity of air, which is run the foremost part by a gas-controlled motor, to drive the flotsam and jetsam away. That’s the thing that creates them so boisterous. They’re anything but difficult to maneuver and light-weight. They’re mainstream for being anything but difficult to support and for the nonappearance of strings which may restrain the use and flexibility.

Zaha Hadid Architects design the world’s greenest football stadium

Planning permission has been granted to build Forest Green Rovers’ Eco Park, the first football stadium made almost out of wood in the world, which is designed by Zaha Hadid Architects.

The Eco Park stadium of English League Two side Forest Green Rovers is going to be a 5,000 capacity wooden stadium on Junction 13 of the M5, along with landscaped parking as well as two pitches, one of which is a 4G playing area, with available access for the local community.

Considered as “the greenest football stadium in the world”, by the club Forest Green Rovers’ website, the new stadium can be built within the next three years.

Forest Green Rovers’ Eco Park

In an interview on the club’s website, Chairman Dale Vince said that it had taken five years for the club to finally get approval, with the first attempt rejected by Stroud District Council in June of last year.

He said, “It may take us some years. I think it may take us one year of detailed design work. This is just an outline planning application. The shortest case is three years if we started soon.”

Forest Green Rovers, the currently sixth team in League Two, became the first vegan football club in the world in 2017.

Zaha Hadid Architects, founded by the late Iraqi-British architect Zaha Hadid, is assigned to design 950 projects in 44 countries. The company opened an office in Dubai in 2016, the same year when Hadid died.

Dubai developer Omniyat began the handover of commercial units at The Opus – the only building in Dubai created by Hadid in October 2018. M.E Dubai, forming part of the outstanding Business Bay property, the first M.E by Meliá hotel in the Middle East and also the only hotel in the world to be designed both inside and outside by the late Zaha Hadid, is planned to open in February 2020.

The s842-metre-long Sheikh Zayed Bridge of Abu Dhabi is also designed by Hadid, who took inspiration from sand dunes in order to create the structure’s curved arches.

Get garden tools prepared for new year

Winter is the time for gardeners and the garden to rest. During this slower gardening period, take the time to check and prepare garden tools for the tasks that begin in spring. Repairing, cleaning and sharpening garden tools now will make them easier and safer to use, plus it will preserve your investment.

An annual inspection of garden tools is recommended to keep them in working condition. Begin by determining whether the handles need repair and if the tool is sharp and sturdy. Wood handles can be revived by cleaning, gentle sanding and then rubbing on boiled linseed oil. Apply a coat of oil with a rag and let it soak in for five to 10 minutes, then reapply until the wood no longer absorbs the oil. Let it cure for eight hours before using the tool. Always wear gloves when working with chemicals. If the handle is cracked, look for a replacement handle. This is often less expensive than purchasing a new garden tool.

Remove any rust with a wire brush. If the rust is significant, soak the tool in pure vinegar for a few hours to overnight. Brush off the remaining rust with a wire brush or steel wool rated 000 or 0000. Repeat if needed. The best way to prevent rust is to always dry tools prior to storing them. Laying them on a warm surface in the sun for a couple of hours will suffice. Coating steel surfaces with lubricating oil also helps prevent rust.

There are two types of pruning mechanisms: bypass and anvil. A bypass pruner cuts when one blade “passes by” the other. Anvil pruners cut when the blade presses against a flat lower plate. Bypass pruners are the preferred tool for pruning live plants, while anvil pruners work best when cutting dry plant material.

To inspect pruners, look at the blades. If there are divots or nicks, the tool might need to be professionally sharpened. The divots are the result of pruning a tree or shrub that is too big for the tool. Typically, hand pruners can cut wood with a diameter of 3/4 inch while loppers can cut up to 1 1/2 inches. For branches larger than 1.5 inches, use a pruning saw or a rope saw. Check the pivot on the pruning tool for wobbliness and smooth motion. Tighten if needed.

The most essential gardening tools for a beautiful backyard (part 3)

Pruning Shears

Like the trowel, a reliable pair of pruning shears is one of those essential things used for gardening. It should be one of your go-to tools because of its wide array of uses.

You can use pruning shears to cut away dead leaves and flowers as well as trim bushes and trees. A durable pair of shears is essential because you want to make a clean cut and avoid damaging the plant.

If you’re dealing with larger or tougher branches, a pair of two-handed shears will be your best bet.

Kneeling Pad

While kneeling pads aren’t a necessity, they do make gardening more comfortable. If you find yourself kneeling on the hard ground and your knees ache, invest in a kneeling pad.

This type of pad protects your knees and keeps your pants from getting covered in stains. The best type of kneeling pad should be thick enough to provide comfort. Some even have handles to help you stand up or double as a gardening chair.

If you don’t want to drag your kneeling pad around, you can use a pair of thick knee pads instead.

Taking Care of Your Tools

Once you have your gardening essentials, you need to know how to care for them. Proper care ensures that your tools will last for years to come.

Make sure to clean your tools after each session in the yard. Wipe them down, use a brush, or spray them with a hose to remove caked-on dirt. Clean tools not only last longer but help to prevent the spread of disease.

To care for wooden handles, rub them with linseed oil. Remove sticky sap or plant residue with turpentine or WD-40.

Rusty tools? Instead of tossing them, try to remove the rust with vinegar.

Proper storage prevents rust and damage. Hang small tools on a pegboard and larger tools from hooks on the wall. Keep them easy to find and access so you’re always ready to maintain your lawn and garden.

Having the right tools is key to caring for your yard and garden. Keep these essential gardening tools on hand so you can keep your backyard looking beautiful all year.

National Stadium designed by architect Kengo Kuma in Tokyo is complete

Opening on December 21, Tokyo’s new National Stadium will replace its older, 56-year-old arena of the same name. (Rendering courtesy Kengo Kuma Architects)

In one month, Japan will celebrate the opening of its new $1.4 billion National Stadium ahead of next summer’s 2020 Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Games. Designed by Kengo Kuma and the Azusa Sekkei Corporation, construction on the 68,000-seat arena has officially been completed as of this week, according to the Japan Sport Council.

The project is located in Tokyo’s Meiji Jingu Gaien district and took almost exactly three years to build under the supervision of national construction giant Taisei Corporation. National Stadium is nearly twice the size of the venue it’s replacing, an arena of the same name that was built 61 years ago for the 1964 Tokyo Summer Olympics—the last time the city hosted the event. It’s set in the same space as its predecessor near one of Tokyo’s largest parks and features an all-timber-and-steel framing system that will allow lush greenery to spill over the pagoda-inspired structure’s sides when it grows in the next decade.

Kengo Kuma’s vision for National Stadium quickly came after nearly a decade of controversy that surrounded its build-out. Zaha Hadid was originally supposed to design the stadium as the centerpiece of the Tokyo Summer Olympics, but her proposal seemed too costly to complete in time for the 2020 grand opening. Instead, Kuma’s stadium, with its half-covered roof and open-air columns , was both cheaper and easier to build. The design team sourced more than 70,000 cubic feet of larch and cedarwood from Japan’s 47 prefectures, and while it was a clever sustainability move, the gesture also drew criticism over allegations of endangered tropical timber that was used.

The National Stadium is one of 42 venues used during the international event next summer. Eight of the total spaces are completely new and all were designed by local architects. As the largest stadium in the city, National Stadium will play host to the opening and closing ceremonies of both the Olympics and Paralympic Games, as well as some soccer and track and field events.

The official opening celebration for the National Stadium is scheduled for December 21, after which the site will host its first event: the Emperor’s Cup soccer final on New Year’s Day.