Unique rustic architecture in 20th century in England

Simon Phipps’ new photo book “Brutal North” offers a visual view of the rusticist architecture of northern England last century.

The rusticist architecture, often associated with the architect Le Corbusier, uses a lot of concrete and is often considered crude. But Simon Phipps argues that these structures have foresight and that they should be honored for the marks they leave on the horizon. With his new photo book Brutal North, Simon Phipps travels to the site containing the finest examples of rustic architecture – the North of England.

The University of Leeds campus was extended from 1963 to 1978. This building plan “aims to create a learning atmosphere by providing high-density student accommodation with a building located in the center of the supply”.

The Halifax Building, built in Halifax between 1968 and 1974, is home to the Local Construction Association. The building’s architecture follows the Bürolandschaft principle, the open space approach developed in Germany, aimed at creating a more social and collaborative work environment. From the entrance hall, visitors can reach the mezzanine level with amenities including a restaurant, games room and bar. The upper floors are a quadrilateral, connected by a central core structure and four staircases in the corner.

The Metropolitan Cathedral Church of Christ the King in Liverpool, built between 1962 and 1967. There is a story behind this design: After Edwin Lutyen’s decision to abandon costly designs, the diocese of Liverpool announced an architectural contest that attracted 258 entries from around the world. The winner in 1960 was Frederick Gibberd, whose architectural style was strongly influenced by Oscar Niemeyer’s (1958-1970) Brasilia church design.

Demonstrating the British embrace of motor vehicle development in the 1960s, the Forton service station was constructed. Located between intersections 32 and 33, two flat-roofed buildings connected by an overhead pedestrian bridge do not attract much attention. However, there is a remarkable architecture is Pennine Tower, a hexagonal concrete structure, 22 m high.

Before the Humber Bridge opened in 1981, the river crossing below was only possible by boat. With a length of 1,410 m, it was the longest single span bridge in the world at the time of construction and was designed by Freeman Fox and Partners, the engineers also responsible for the Forth Road Bridge and Severn Bridge. Compared to previous projects, Humber Bridge is technologically advanced when using reinforced concrete to overcome challenging geomorphological conditions.

The Bank House building in Leeds, was built between 1969 and 1971. The building is square, five stories high, and the levels gradually decrease. Bank House’s material is cast-in-place reinforced concrete, clad with gray and copper granite.

A classroom at Kennington Primary School in Preston. This project was built in 1974 and is called a “bubble” by students. It is believed to be the first all-plastic building in the UK and is a prototype for the architect’s intention to mass produce fiberglass-reinforced plastic schools in the Lancashire district. However, no other similar works have been built.

To the left is the Dorman Long tower in Middlesbrough, built in the 1950s and on the right is the old, built 1970s headquarters of the Royal Insurance company in Liverpool. Two designs with narrow windows give the feel of fortresses.

Seven Names of the Ancient Wonders in the World (Part 4)

3. Colosseum (Italy)

Colosseum or commonly known as the Colosseum was built in the Italian city of Rome between 70 and 72 under the reign of Emperor Vespasian.

With a height of up to 50m, a length of 189m, a width of 156m and a 3-storey seat, this arena once welcomed 50,000 spectators to watch the bloody matches of old gladiators. The Colosseum is considered to be one of the symbols of the Roman Empire and is one of the most beautiful surviving examples of Roman architecture.

4. Taj Mahal (India)

The Taj Mahal in Agra (India) is a monumental mausoleum built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved deceased wife – Mumtaz Mahal. It began in 1632 and took about 15 years to complete.

This contruction is a combination of elements of Turkish, Indian, Persian, and Islamic architectural styles. The splendid mausoleum with a dome set in the walled garden is considered a prime example of Mughal art and architecture.

The Taj Mahal consists of 4 towers, each tower is 13 stories high. After being overthrown, the king spent the rest of his life looking at the Taj Mahal from a window.

5. The ancient city of Petra (Jordan)

The ancient city of Petra is located on the edge of the Arabian desert. This contruction was the capital of the Nabataeans kingdom of King Aretas IV (9 BC – 40). Petra is famous for its stone structures, especially the 42m high temple carved classic pink stone facade.

The old city built tunnels, water tanks and an amphitheater with a capacity of 4,000 people. This relic is described as one of the valuable cultural assets of humanity.

6. Fort Machu Picchu (Peru)

Machu Picchu is a mountain settlement built in the fifteenth century in the Amazon region of Peru. This dilapidated city is one of the most famous ruins of the Inca civilization that thrived in the Andes mountains in the western South America.

Although forgotten for many centuries, Machu Picchu has returned and attracted the world’s attention thanks to archaeologist Hiram Bingham in 1911.

7. Chichen Itza relic (Mexico)

Chichen Itza is an archaeological site in pre-Columbian times , built by the Maya civilization and located in the northern center of the Yucatan Peninsula (Mexico). This site contains various major architectural styles such as El Castillo (Temple of Kukulkan) and Temple of the Warriors.

Seven Names of the Ancient Wonders in the World (Part 3)

Hanging Gardens of Babylon (Iraq)

Babylon Hanging Gardens is a work built by King Nebuchadrezzar II in 603 BC to satisfy his wife’s nostalgia for the homeland of Medes. In the hanging garden there is a system of fountains consisting of two large wheels connected by chains with wooden barrels.

As the wheel spins, the chain and the water tank move as well, bringing the water from a tank below up high to water the plants. To water the garden’s flowers and plants, the slaves had to take turns bringing water from the river Euphrates to the garden.

Temple of Artemis (Turkey)

The wonderful marble temple dedicated to the Greek goddess Artemis was completed around 550 BC in Ephesus, near the present day town of Selçuk in Turkey.

The 115m long temple, 55m wide, consists of 120 stone columns, each 20m high is said to hold many delicate works of art, including the bronze statue of Amazon.

In 356 B.C.E., a man named Herostratus burned the temple, hoping to become immortal. In 262, the Goths burned the temple for a second time, and in 401 the temple was disrupted by the Christians. Only the foundation and some other parts of the second temple still exist to this day.

New Seven Wonders of the World

Statue of Christ the Redeemer (Brazil)

38m high Christ the Redeemer statue stands atop Corcovado mountain in Rio de Janeiro city of Brazil. The statue was erected in 1931 on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the independence of Brazil.

30m high statue standing on a 7m pedestal. The head of the statue weighs 35.6 tons, is 3.7m high. Each arm weighs 9.1 tons. The distance between the fingers of the left and right hand is 23m.

This is the most famous statue of Jesus Christ and also the largest Art Deco monument in the world. With outstretched arms as if to embrace the entire city of Rio de Janeiro, the statue has become a symbol of peace and hospitality of the Brazilian people.

Great Wall (China)

This new world wonder was located along China’s northern border for centuries to prevent Mongol invasion. Built from the 5th century BC to the 16th century, it is the longest man-made project in the world, spanning 6,400km.

The most famous part can be mentioned at the Great Wall is the wall of the first Emperor of China – Qin Shihuang ordered to build around 200 BC. The Chinese have a famous saying: ” If you haven’t gone to the Great Wall, you won’t be a real man .”

Seven Names of the Ancient Wonders in the World (Part 2)

4. Mausoleum (Turkey)

The tomb was built by Queen Artemisia II for her husband, King Mausolus of Caria (the area in southwestern Turkey today) between 370 and 350 BC.

This massive 40m long, 45m high work with the contribution of 1,200 workers, worked hard for 17 years. Many people admire the beauty of the architecture and the magnificence of the tomb.

The central burial room is decorated with gold, while the outside is adorned with elaborate stone pillars and sculptures. By the fifteenth century, the knight of the Crusade – Christian Crusaders dismantled a block of marble in the tomb to build a new castle quite close to the tomb of King Mausolus.

5. Lighthouse of Alexandria (Egypt)

The lighthouse is the only ancient wonder used as a beacon for ships in the dangerous waters out of the Egyptian port city of Alexandria. Built on a small island of Pharos between 285 and 247 BC with a height of 117m, this lighthouse is one of the tallest structures in the world for centuries. The lighthouse is located at the entrance to the port of Alexandria, including 3 floors, a height of about 135 m. The bottom step is square, consisting of several rooms for the permanent lighthouse guard, livestock and food.

The entrance is exalted, entering by a steep path that starts from the base surrounding the tower. Inside the lower square step is a wall supporting the upper sections of the lighthouse, reaching this upper part by a spiraling inner ramp. The middle step is octagonal, above this step is a circular part with Zeus statue.

The lighthouse is operated using fire at night and polished copper mirrors to reflect the Sun during the day. It is said that the light from the lighthouse can be seen from a distance of 50km offshore.

This giant structure stood on the Mediterranean coast for more than 1,500 years before being severely damaged by earthquakes in 1303 and 1323.

The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World (Part 1)

1. Statue of Zeus in Olympia (Greece)

The giant golden statue of the king of Greek gods, built to honor the first Olympics, dates back to the ancient city of Olympia. The statue was completed around 432 BC, depicting the deity sitting on a jade wooden throne embedded in a temple overlooking the city.

The statue is 12m high, 7m wide, holding a scepter decorated in the shape of an eagle symbolizing the supreme power of the king among the gods, the other holding a Victory statue with wings symbolizing victory in the Worlds. The Olympics are made of ivory and precious metal. Zeus head adorned an olive wreath. The throne is made of cedarwood and ivory. God feet put on a large chair.

Many historians believe that the Statue of Zeus was moved to Constantinople (now Istanbul) in Turkey but later also burned in the fire.

2. The sun god Rhodes (Greece)

Contrary to the pyramids, the Statue of the Sun in Rhodes has the shortest lifetime of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Completed in 282 BC after 12 years of construction, this giant statue was collapsed by an earthquake 56 years later.

The statue of the Sun is 33m high and is the tallest known statue of the ancient world, made of stone and iron with a bronze exterior. The Sun Statue in Rhodes is a giant bronze statue of the sun god Helios – the patron deity of Rhodes – who helped the city escape the siege of the Macedonian king Demetrios I Poliorcetes in 305 BC original.

3. Great pyramid of Giza (Egypt)

Around 2560 BC, Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu built his mausoleum consisting of 3 main pyramids and small satellite pyramids in Giza, bordering present Cairo’s border. The inclination of the sides of the pyramid is about 51.5 degrees. The height of the inclined surface is 195 m. The four sides of the pyramid look at four directions: the north, the south, the east and the west.

This giant stone structure is 146m high with a surface area of ​​about 1,300m2. The Great Pyramid of Giza is considered to be the tallest man-made structure of the planet for more than four millennia.

It is unbelievable that the time it took to complete this pyramid was only 20 years. Accordingly, each minute, slaves on average would have to arrange 4 limestone slabs (weighing between 2-5 tons). This is also the oldest and only surviving wonder on the original list of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world.

What is the most beautiful architectural landscape in the world? (Part 3)

Looking at an interesting scene

The skyline of both Janeiro and Cape Town are remarkably striking for their impressive natural terrain with beaches and mountains, while Manhattan’s skyscrapers rise from a narrow rocky island like the granite mountains. . No matter how familiar, the landscape in central Manhattan, with the Empire State-owned building, still stirred imagination.

Some of the city’s architectural landscapes include ungainly skyscrapers. For example, the Pudong area. This area is the east coast of Shanghai across the Huangpu River from New Classical and Art Deco Bund, the city’s most famous street. An SEZ since 1993, Pudong has been growing extremely fast. The skyscrapers have a strange shape, rising like fireworks to create a glittering skyline at night. In the daylight, no matter how tall, these buildings look nothing special.

The captivating architectural landscapes, without the high elevation and performance lighting that are found in Pudong and Hong Kong, rely on true architectural inspiration. The landscape of Venice, for millions of visitors a day and the huge tourist train, is still a miracle in the city. Here the medieval bell tower replaces the skyscrapers, while in the right light, the architectural landscape is reflected in the canal.

Like Venice, Helsinki is also another city that looks very beautiful from the sea, its essential low architectural outline highlighting the neoclassical white building, designed by Carl Ludwig Engel, on the side of which is The house is very beautiful, and in the middle of winter, there is a sea view of freezing water. Here you can immerse yourself in one of Europe’s most beautiful architectural landscapes while standing in the Baltic Sea. Fortunately, a ridiculous, costly and unwanted gallery will not be built here, saving the beloved view and preserving the spirit of the city in this North.

Knowing that the architectural landscape will change over time, some cities like Helsinki, Venice and Edinburgh always have to be more cautious than others. But even cities, like London, are changing so unnoticed that we can nurture the ideal images of these buildings, these faces of the city, deep in the subconscious.

5 The most famous landscape architecture in the world

With the rapid urbanization process today, the space for garden landscapes gradually narrows. But there are still landscape designs that create unique gardens with poetic landscapes, in which the plants and flowers fascinate the heart.

1. The garden in the castle of Versailles.

The garden in Versailles castle is considered the symbol of France. The garden is uniquely designed with curving lines, and this is also the path to the inner maze.

2. Keukenhof Garden, Lisse, Netherlands

Holland is the country of Tuy Lip flowers, Keukenhof Garden, Lisse, the Netherlands with all colors of this flower. Keukenhof Garden, Lisse, The Netherlands is only open to visitors from March to the end of May, this is also the time when these flowers blooming shimmering.

3. Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden

Kirstenbosch National Botanical Gardens is located in Le Cap South Africa, right next to the famous Table Mountain range. The garden is a collection of many rare plants and beautiful landscapes. Therefore, this garden is very popular with tourists in South Africa.

4. Majorelle Garden, Marrakech, Morocco

Majorelle Gardens, Marrakech, Morocco have a lot of rare plants around the villas here. The cacti create intense vitality for gardens and landscapes.

5. The garden in front of the Taj Mahal

Outside the famous Taj Mahal in India is a garden decorated with tiled paths and planted with trees on both sides leading to the tomb of Mumatz Mahal. This is also considered a beautiful monument and is frequently visited by tourists whenever coming to this country.

6. Big Ben clock tower

The name of the Big Ben clock tower that we have long been familiar with is called Elizabeth Tower. Big Ben is a nickname for the large bells of the watch and it is also often used as a proper nickname for everyone. It was built as part of Charles Barry’s architectural design for a new palace to replace the old Palace of Westminster that was destroyed by fire in 1834.

What is the most beautiful architectural landscape in the world? (Part 2)

Initially towns were often built on high ground for easy defense. Surrounded by generals and adorned with towers, they look like fairy tales. 

Although the town of Carcassonne, in southern France, was primarily rebuilt in the 19th century (by Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, French Gothic architect, and theorist), the architectural landscape is one of The most romantic things. When looking at it through the fields and vineyards, it is easy to imagine the Round Table Knights galloping through the gates of the European continent. Looking closely, Carcassonne is an illusion, on the cobblestone streets are tourists wearing baseball caps, long-sleeved shirts and leggings than wearing old-style helmet armor.

Sự biến đổi của Hong Kong trong nửa sau của thế kỷ 20 là đáng ngạc nhiên nếu nghĩ rằng những năm 1800 nó chỉ là một khu định cư nhỏ bé

A sense of medieval warriors and sacred religion also exudes in Durham, especially when one glimpses of the outstanding Romanesque and the Norman castle soaring through the window of the bullet train between Edinburgh and King’s Cross. And if the ancient city of Durham is clearly proud, Edinburgh remains one of the most beautiful cities even when advisers, planners and architects have tried, in recent decades, to do reducing the value of an unrivaled beautiful architectural landscape.

Located between hills, bays and the sea, this stone city grows and stretches along the terrain with impressive architectural folds, the horizon is daring towers, rising spiers and monuments neoclassical. Yet this city has no skyscrapers, it must be said that this is good for it.

It seems to make sense that on any website that talks about architectural landscapes, it’s for skyscrapers as if they were the only sure way to identify a city, even though more skyscrapers were.

Những sắc lệnh của thành phố Edinburgh cấm việc xây dựng những nhà mới mà chúng làm hỏng cảnh quan kiến trúc hình tượng kiểu Gothic

Telephoto photography captures the beautiful views of sunlit skyscrapers on the mountains (like Vancouver, Seattle and even downtown Los Angeles), but when we go to those cities In search of these beautiful scenes, they disappeared. Our eyes cannot see what cameras and professional photographers see.

But a few skyscraper cities don’t disappoint when viewed up close. The bustling architectural landscape of Hong Kong, especially at night, is really interesting, whether viewed from the second floor of the tram, from the ferry, when taking a public walk or looking at the hotel bedroom window. However, what is important here is not the separate buildings of some famous architects (such as the case of Chicago’s architectural landscape by the lake) because of the way clusters of tall buildings sprout from within the boundary. The world is cramped with rocks as if they were a more natural part of the Chinese islands’ topography. In a certain light, they look more like geological formations than buildings.

What is the most beautiful architectural landscape in the world? (Part 1)

Hundred-year-old Yemeni city sits beside Hong Kong’s shiny towers, some of the most beautiful architectural landscapes in the world, according to Jonathan Glancey.

A skyline of a city is its face. And like the faces of loved ones, we keep this landscape in memory even when we are away from it or long without looking. Because, once seen, who could forget the skyline of Edinburgh, Manhattan, Hong Kong or Helsinki?

Nhiều người còn nhớ Dubai là một thị trấn đánh cá, không phải một thủ đô đầy nhà chọc trời như nó đã trở thành trong nhiều thập kỷ từ khi Các tiểu Vương Quốc Ả Rập Thống Nhất hình thành năm 1971

However, just like the face of people, the landscape changes with the years, although the older the commercially successful cities are, the younger they become, the taller they become, the more glamorous they are. No tiny little wrinkled. Look at the skyline of London today, the new skyscrapers vie with each other like famous artists on the concert night.

How could this be like the famous London scene in the image of St Paul’s Cathedral taken during the German bombing? Or the post-war scene when Wren’s work was still the tallest building in the region and surrounded by cluttered church churches and built of red bricks and Portland stone?

Many people remember when Shenzhen in South China was a small market town overlooking the bay in the southern sea rather than remember a sea of ​​indifferent high-rise buildings. Others remember Dubai as a small fishing village in the Persian Gulf, better known for their pearl rollers than for their ambitious tall towers and glass door cleaning teams.

Dizzying tall buildings have changed the face of cities around the world in the past 30 years. Yet even the medieval towns and cities boast when there are tall buildings. The architectural landscape of San Gimignano, a hill town in Tuscan, dotted with 14 medieval towers left. From afar, or when squinted, these tall and rugged houses make San Gimignano look like miniature Manhattan.

Shibam ở Yemen gồm rải rác các công trình tháp bằng gạch đất xây từ những năm 1500

That’s even more true when it comes to the fascinating town of Shibam in Yemen. Despite a population of less than 2,000, this desert settlement, with a backdrop of mountains, has many houses taller than 10 stories. Constructed of earthen bricks, repaired or rebuilt, many houses date back to the 16th century. Built to combat Bedouin bandits, these messy tower buildings look really like a modern city when viewed from afar or near, especially when the sun causes hot air to cause an illusion. It is not for no reason that Shibam is called ‘Chicago of the desert’ or ‘Manhattan of the Middle East’.

The Best Four Garden Tools in 2020

The best garden tools in 2020 are those that are sufficiently strong to make cultivating to feel easy.  We have discovered the most famous items utilizing client audits and online instructional exercises. Here are the best four garden tools in 2020.


We have a choice of hard plastic work carts accessible. An honest dump cart is solid yet light enough to handily move when full. Likewise, why not attempt one among these water conveying sacks for work carts, they’re the simplest thanks to move water during a pushcart without spilling it.

Garden Trowel

Hand instruments like nursery trowels and hand forks are probably the foremost utilized planting apparatuses, therefore the best trowel should have an enjoyable handle with a well fitted leading edge that won’t come free after time. This transplanting trowel from Burgon and Ball has an enjoyable debris timber handle with a hardened steel edge with planting profundities carved into the face.

Garden Knife

A little blade is usually required within the nursery for cutting string, sticks and blossoms, cutting foods grown from the bottom plants and various different employments. It’s an honest propensity to convey one in your pocket or nursery trug. Opinel blades have an exceptionally sharp leading edge that folds into the wooden handle. These blades were positioned within the best 100 best items on the earth by the Victoria and Albert Museum. Opinel No8 Folding Pocket Knife

Leaf Blower

The reason for leaf blowers is to evacuate trash, dead leaves, and different random material ranging from the earliest stage push it to the sides of the zone. A leaf blower utilizes the intensity of air, which is run the foremost part by a gas-controlled motor, to drive the flotsam and jetsam away. That’s the thing that creates them so boisterous. They’re anything but difficult to maneuver and light-weight. They’re mainstream for being anything but difficult to support and for the nonappearance of strings which may restrain the use and flexibility.